INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION IN INDIA
by Srinivas Kuruganti
Ankleshwar in the state of Gujarat and Patancheru in the Southern state of Andhra Pradesh are home to two of the largest Industrial estates in Asia. Over 5000 factories in these provinces produce much of the world's supply of generic drugs, pesticides and dyes. Many of the smaller scale industries do not treat their waste. Untreated effluents seep into the groundwater with the result that the productivity of affected farmland is reduced. The air is thick with the smell of pesticides and pharmaceutical by-products making it hard to breathe.
The extremely high levels of pharmaceuticals in waterways used by the local population and flowing into major rivers, have caused worldwide concern that this is creating conditions that could lead to the rapid increase of drug resistant bacteria in the future as well as major environmental consequences.